ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction.

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With logos —a word that becomes especially charged for me around Christmas and whose religious connotations are certainly intertwined with the idea of objectivity. Together with The Authoritarian Personality ; also co-authored by Adorno and Frankfurt School member Herbert Marcuse’s One-Dimensional Manit has had a major effect on 20th-century philosophy, sociology, culture, and politics, inspiring especially the New Left of the s and s. The interpretation of the Odyssey in Excursus I serves as a concrete example of this point.

Eclipse of Reason | Digifesto

The implication is that logical formalism leads the sciences to form static universals into which all particulars can be neatly placed. Whether that media message has an effect on any of its audience members is contingent on many factor Religion and reason once both served higher objective goals, but the Enlightenment weakened the foundations of both concepts.

Mirror Sites View this site from another server: Contrasts “subjective reason”, reason used to further other goals, and objective reason used to find the absolute truth.

Horkheimer was the director of the Institute and Professor of Social Philosophy at the University of Frankfurt from —, and again from — Adorno’s dialectics rejected this positive element wherein the result was something greater than the parts that preceded and argued for a dialectics which produced something essentially negative.

Truth can only be discovered through dynamic thought: Fascism is rational in the instrumental sense. The following year the Institute would return as well.


Insofar as it is individual human beings who suffer, and who desire happiness, individual welfare is a crucial matter. Subjective reason coincides with the rise of capitalism and individualism, with the breakdown of traditional modes of being. Habermas is known for his work on the concept of modernity, particularly with respect to the discussions of rationalization originally set forth b The task of philosophy is to translate what they have done into language that will be heard, even though their finite reasoh have been eclise by tyranny.

It has meaning in the political, educational, spiritual and medical realms.

Eclipse of Reason (Bloomsbury Revelations) Max Horkheimer: Bloomsbury Academic

What instead happened was fascism. But Horkheimer and other western Marxists, especially in horkheiimer Frankfurt School which he was a founder of, were willing to explore the boundaries of Marxist theory.

German Idealism in European Philosophy. Enlightenment horkjeimer Mass Deception”, of the book Dialectic of Enlightenmentwherein they proposed that popular culture is akin to a factory producing standardized cultural goods—films, radio programmes, magazines, etc.

For example, he criticizes the sciences, in a manner that is not common in earlier essays, for the way they subsume facts under universal concepts pp. Member feedback about Star Gazers season: Negative Dialektik is a book by Theodor W.

Chinn – – Nursing Philosophy 11 1: Amidst the vogue enjoyed by existentialism and positivism in early 20th-century Europe, Adorno advanced a dialectical conception of natural history that c In part, this prefigures later views.

This complete denial of inclination by calculating reason finds its fullest expression in an ironic suggestion that would surely horrify Kant in the writings of the Marquis de Sade.

MacIver serves as president of the ASA. The official Star Gazers website hosts the complete scripts for each of the shows.

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Horkheimer explores the psychology behind fascism through mimicry. Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society is a book by the philosopher Herbert Marcuse, in which the author offers a wide-ranging critique of both contemporary capitalism and the Communist society of the Soviet Union, documenting the parallel rise of new forms of horkheimeg repression in both these societies, as well as the decline of revolutionary potential in the West.


He then explains the effects of the subjective reasoning on the individual and the society, then he ends with eeclipse solution to this problem. Selected EssaysM. You are commenting using your Facebook account.

Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer)

Views Read Edit View history. Something is rational if it gets me what I want, even if what I want is immoral or against my actual interests.

Praxis process topic Praxis from Ancient Greek: Social philosophy must connect with the practical aim of alleviating suffering. There were segments on how reason was used as a means to an end sometimes for less than benevolent agendawhich I think is relevant to contemporary issues, even though this was published in Apr 02, sologdin rated it really liked it Shelves: History of Western Philosophy. Over time, the nation displaced religion as the supraindividual mode of human life, and capitalism came to determine the interests of the nation-state.

In the case both of non-ossifying thought and modern art, the emancipatory potential is found only in traces, presented in an esoteric and perhaps abstruse manner. The savant further misses the suffering caused by that social structure, and the fact that science is complicit in this oppression. Social philosophy Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Reason, Subjectivity and the Critique of Enlightenment.

Horkheimer believes that virtually every element of society is suffering from the glorification of subjective reason as the only reason, which leads, he believes, to the inevitable descent into relativism, which in turn undermines the meanings of every action, and drags society kicking and screaming into a nihilistic abyss.

Visual infographic showing eclipxe cell types.