A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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Iser tries to focus on what actually happens when a reader picks up a text for the purpose of reading.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser

As readers, we cannot absorb even a short text in a single moment, nor does the fictional world of the text pass in linear fashion before our eyes IR, Intraction Iser suggests that a reader and a text enter into a kind of conversation, WORP makes possible the extension of this dialogue to include other readers.

The meaning of the text is generated by the convergence of these perspectives, a convergence that is not itself set out in words texg occurs during the reading process.

Negativity, urges Iser, is the basic force in literary communication, making possible: So, in historical terms, the task of the critic has altered: Following Poulet, Iser insists that in reading, it is the reader, not the author, who becomes the subject that does the thinking. This does not mean that any reading will be appropriate.


According to Poulet, consciousness is the point at which author and reader converge, and the work itself can be thought of as a consciousness which takes over the mentality of the reader, who is obliged to shut out his individual disposition and character IR, — Why this obstinate persistence of the age-old classical norm, even within the texture of theories that claim to subvert or transcend it?

I Winter, Iser gives a reply to this problem stating that the “No-thing” of a literary text governs the interaction between text and reader.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

Like the text, which Iser sees as “a structure that enables the reader to break out of his accustomed wllfgang of conventions” Act, 50WORP creates a framework that structures readers’ experience of the texts it offers even while asking them to take an active role in formulating the meaning of those texts.

Do Readers Make Meaning? His point here is that reading is an active and creative process.

Iser mentions that the reader’s role becomes very important in the interaction. Essays on Audience and Interpretation.

Even though the text consists of ideas thought out by the author, in reading we must think the thoughts of the author, and we place our consciousness at the disposal of the text. Those differences are as under:. A year later, Iser was appointed as an instructor at Heidelberg wopfgang in as an assistant lecturer at the University of Glasgow. And yet, Iser points interwction, various elements of the classical norm have persisted, even within approaches that aim to reject it.


Wolfgang Iser

Lindsey most likely also underwent additional recursive processes of interaction and assessment as she read “The Unsex’d Females” or moved through the WORP project. The aesthetic pole is the reader’s pole or how the reader tries to interpret a given text.

These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. Moreover, the code of an ideal reader would be identical wolfgant that of the author, thereby making reading superfluous AR, 28 — In this theory of modernity is self-assertion, which responds to the destruction of scholastic rationalism in the nominalist revolution with William of Ockham.

Index of Names pp. The conversation between Lindsey and “The Unsex’d Females” is made manifest by her glossing of a phrase.

Project MUSE – The Reader in the Text

Iser evaluates newer models of the reader that have arisen in more recent years, models that have sought to break free of the traditional restrictive models cited above: Views Read Edit View history. Iser is known for his reader-response criticism in literary theory.

Iser draws attention to two important features of the reading process. I can not experience your experience and interactioj can not experience my experience.

Iser calls that invisibility of experience “No-thing”. This communication should not be viewed as uni-directional. Experience is man’s invisibility to man. Future readers of “The Unsex’d Females” will have the option of reading Lindsey’s comment alongside the original poem.